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  Environmental Focal Area: Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)

A Global Threat

For decades, concerned scientists and activist NGOs have been warning the international community about the severe threats posed by persistent organic pollutants (POPs). These chemicals, sometimes referred to as the "dirty dozen," are widely used as pesticides and in industrial applications. Rachel Carson's book "Silent Spring" published in 1962 raised awareness about the harm caused to the environment from indiscriminate use of pesticides, singularly DDT. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), widely used industrial chemicals particularly in transformers and condensers, were discovered in natural samples in the environment for the first time in 1966. Since then, evidence has mounted that POPs travel long distances and are found in remote areas far from their original source of application. Once introduced into the environment, POPs are persistent as their name suggests, retain their toxicity and degrade after decades. Of particular concern is the subtle long-term toxicity of such compounds, especially their effects on the endocrine systems of wildlife and human beings.

The Stockholm Convention

Recognizing the dangers of POPs, countries began limiting their production, use and release, first individually, then on a regional basis, and finally through global agreements. These efforts culminated in the Stockholm Convention of 22 May 2001, a global, legally binding agreement to reduce and eliminate releases of a number of POPs numbering 12 initially, including pesticides (e.g. DDT and mirex) and industrial chemicals (e.g. PCBs) as well as unintentionally produced POPs (e.g. dioxins and furans). The GEF is the interim financial mechanism of the Convention. The Convention was signed originally by 150 countries, entered into force in May 2004, and now counts 120 parties as signatories to the Convention (as of March 2006). The first Conference of the Parties took place in May 2006 in Punta del Este, Uruguay.

Snapshot of GEF's Role

GEF's involvement in tackling the threats posed by POPs dates back to 1995, with the introduction of the International Waters Operational Strategy and its contaminant-based component. In this framework, in the late 1990s, GEF began to develop a portfolio of strategically-designed projects including regional assessments and pilot demonstrations that addressed a number of pressing POPs-related issues. These initial activities allowed the GEF to respond promptly to requests for support from the negotiators of the Stockholm Convention for implementing the Convention. This in turn led to the adoption of the Guidelines by the GEF Council for POPs-enabling activities in May 2001, the same month that the Convention was adopted.

>> read more from the GEF website at http://www.GEFweb.org on PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

Members in Focal Area: Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Total = 186
Africa Central
ACTION JEUNESSE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT
Action Volontaire pour la Lutte contre les Changements Climatiques et les Effets Negatifs du Soufre du Diesel (AVOCHACLISD)
Animal Husbandry and Research Institute Alliance (AHAIRA)
APRODEA, ACTION FOR ECONOMIC AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Association for the Management of Natural Resources Talents, Agriculture and Health Development (AMANARTAH)
Association of Actions of Peace and Community Development (APADEC)
Association pour l'Integration et le Developpement Durable au Burundi (AIDB)
Aube Nouvelle Pour La Femme Et Le Developpement (ANFD)/ New Dawn for Women and Development (NDWD)
Federation of Environmental and Ecological Diversity for Agricultural Revampment and Human Rights (FEEDAR & HR)
Fondation femme D'espoir
FONDATION VILLAGEOISE DE GESTION DE LA NATURE ET DE LUTTE CONTRE LE BRACONNAGE
GASCO - Cameroun
GROUPE D’ACTION POUR L’ASSAINISSEMENT DES CENTRES URBAINS DU CONGO en sigle GAACUC
Groupe D'Action Aux Necessiteux - GAN
Hard Working Farmers Common Initiative Group
HOPE IN AFRICA
Maison Pierre Angulaire Sacree (MPAS)
organisation des laics engagés du sacré coeur pour le developpement de kimbondo (OLESDK)
Redemption Health Foundation for Sustainable rural Development and Conservation (RHFSRD & C)
Reseau Communautaire pour le Pauvre (RCP-Network)
Synergie d’Aides Prioritaires-Aides d’Urgences (SAP-AU)
The South West Multipurpose Farmers Common Initiative Group (SOWEMUFCIG)
TOUS EN ACTION POUR LE PROGRES (TAP)
UNIVERSAL UNION FOR CONSUMER PROTECTION AND CIVIL ABUSE
 
Africa East
Development Indian Ocean Network (DION)
Earthsavers Movement Uganda Chapter
Ensemble pour le Développement Durable du District d'Arta (E.D.D.A.)
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT(ECCE)
Environmental Management for Livelihood Improvement (EMLI)
Environmental Protection and Conservation Organization (EPCO)
Ilemela District CSOs Network (ILEDICINET)
Indigenous Information Network (IIN)
INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL AND POLICY STUDIES (ICESPS)
Lake Victoria Environmental Education and Management (LEM)
MABIRA FOREST INTEGRATED COMMMUNITY ORGANISATION (MAFICO)
Mauritius Council for Development, Environmental Studies and Conservation (MAUDESCO)
Mauritius Council of Social Service (MACOSS)
Networks and Information Exchange (NETINFEX)
OSIENALA - Friends of Lake Victoria
Pro-biodiversity Conservationist in Uganda (PROBICOU)
Soroti Rural Development Agency (SORUDA)
Support for Women in Agriculture and Environment (SWAGEN)
Sustainable Agriculture, Forestry & Environment Concerns - SAFE
UGANDA ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION FOUNDATION (UEEF)
 
Africa North
Arab Network for Environment & Development (RAED)
Arab Office for Youth and Environment (AOYE)
Association Nationale De Volontariat
Association Pour La Protection De L'Environnement Et Le Developpement Durable De Bizerte (APEDDUB)
Association Tunisienne pour la Protection de la Nature et de l'Environnement, ATPNE
Ong Agir En Faveur De L' environnement (ONG AFE)
Protection de l'énvironnement et de l'écosysteme Mauritania (PEECO)
Sudanese Environment Conservation Society (SECS)
 
Africa South
Action for Environmental Sustainability (AFES)
All for Africa Foundation
Development Aid from People to People in Malawi
Dialogue International
Environmental Justice and Advocacy Centre [ LEJAC ]
Geography and Environmental Movement (GEM)
Human Settlements of Zambia (HUZA)
Humana People to People in South Africa
Masvingo Community Based HIV/AIDS and Vulnerable Children's Organization
PANOS SOUTHERN AFRICA
 
Africa West
AUTRE VIE
Community Engineering Programme - COMENGIP
Foundation for Future Christian Workers International (FFCWI)
Free World Foundation
GENERATION DEVELOPMENT LINK
GLOBAL GREEN ENVIRONMENTAL NETWORK
Green Earth Organization
HATOF Foundation
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION NETWORK (HEIN)
Human Care and Maintenance Foundation (HUCAM)
Kanuri Development Association
Nature Tropicale
NESDA Secretariat
Ojope Farmers and Rural Dwellers Development Association (OFRDDA)
SAVE AFRICA ORGANIZATION
Wuni Zaligu Development Association (WUZDA)
Youth as a Mission Development Association (YAAMDA)
 
Asia North East
All China Environment Federation (ACEF)
Global Village Beijing
Green Anhui Environment Development Center
Green Camel Bell
Green Hanjiang
Greenriver Environmental Protection Association of Sichuan
Japan Council for Sustainable Development
The Takagi Fund for Citizen Science
Yunnan Environment Development Institute (YEDI)
 
Asia South
AKSHAYA Rehabilitation Trust
Applied Environmental Research Foundation (AERF)
Centre for Environment Protection (CEP)
Ganapati Sabata Foundation
Grameena Vikas Samithi
Institute for Integrated Rural Development
LEAD Pakistan
LEADERS Nepal
Live and Learn Environmental Education
New World Hope Organization
PAHAL
Samanvay Resource Center
Society For Conservation and Protection of the Environment (SCOPE)
Society for Urban Environmental Protection (SUEP)
Solidarity for Social Equality (SSE Human Rights Center)
The Energy and Resources Institute-TERI
World Wide Fund for Nature India (WWF-India)
WWF-Pakistan
Youth Welfare Club
 
Asia South East
Associated Labor Unions-Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (ALU-TUCP)
Ateneo De Manila University
Environmental Management and Research Association of Malaysia (ENSEARCH)
Malaysian Society of Marine Sciences (MSMS)
 
Asia West
CENESTA (Center for Sustainable Development)
Development for People and Nature Association
Technology Development Foundation of Turkey (TTGV)
The National Environment and Wildlife Society (NEWS)
 
Caribbean
Caribbean Forest Conservation Association (CFCA)
Environment TOBAGO
Fondation pour la Protection de la Biodiversité Marine (FoProBiM)
Indigenous People (Bethechilokono) of Saint Lucia Governing Council (BGC)
Island Resources Foundation (Virgin Islands)
Kevoy Community Development Institute Jamaica (KCDI)
PROMOTION FOR DEVELOPMENT (PROMODEV)
 
East Europe & Central Asia
Armenian Ecotourism Association
Armenian Women for Health and Healthy Environment NGO (AWHHE)
Association for Farmers Rights Defence
Belarusian Environmental Movement
Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN)
Ecoforum of Uzbekistan
Ecological Movement of Moldova
Ecological Society Ruzgar
Foundation to support civil initiatives (FSCI, Dastgirie-Center)
Independent Ecological Expertise
National Center of Environment Forecasting (NCEG)/ECO-REAL
NGO "Local Agenda 21 for Kostolac-Municipality"
Public Association
Public Association BIOS
Regional Environmental Centre Caucasus (REC Caucasus)
Russian Association of indigenous Peoples of the NorthRAIPON
Socio - Ecological Fund
Young Generation of Tajikistan
 
Europe
ASOCIACION CHELONIA
Asociatia "Valea Soarelui"/"Sun Valley" Association
Baltic Environmental Forum (BEF Lithuania)
Croplife International
Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI)
Green Peace International
International Congo Aid - Smile African Children (ICASAC/ CHARITY)
International Council of Environmental Law
International HCH & Pesticides Foundation
International POPs Elimination Network (IPEN)
International Society of Doctors for the Environment - ISDE
Polish Ecological Club
SAAMI Council
Swiss Foundation for Mine Action (FSD)
Tchad Agri Pour l' Environnement (TCHAPE)
 
Mesoamerica
Asociacion Club de Jovenes Ambientalistas (CJA)
Cultural Association SEJEKTO of Costa Rica
Fundacion para la Defensa de la Naturaleza (FUDENA)
SalvaNATURA
 
North America
Arctic Athabaskan Council
Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
Circumpolar Conservation Union (CCU)
Earth Island Institute
Environmental Health Fund
Global Coral Reef Alliance
Global Greengrants Fund
Institute for Sustainable Power, Inc.
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
National Audubon Society
Natural Resources Defense Council
Partnership for African Environmental Sustainability (PAES)
Renewable Natural Resources Foundation
The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment
World Wildlife Fund (WWF-US)
 
Pacific
Foundation of the Peoples of the South Pacific International (FSPI)
Ole Siosiomaga Society Incorporated (OLSSI)
Pacific Gender Climate Coalition
Samoa Umbrella for Non-Government Organisations (SUNGO)
Te Ipukarea Society Inc
 
South America
Centro Mocovi
FUNDACION ECOS
FUNDACION JOSE CARDIJN
Fundación Temaikén
Organization Internacional Proinversion, Comercio y Medioambiente (OIPIC)
Sobrevivencia, Friends of the Earth Paraguay
Vida Silvestre Uruguay
 


Remarks:
Member organizations whose profiles have not been updated recently
may download their Membership Update Form HERE.

 



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